Report: EU Countries Allow Hauls of 300,000 Tonnes More Atlantic Fish Than Scientists Advise

                                 

Landing the Blame 2019

London, 11 February 2019: – With just eleven months until the EU’s self-imposed deadline to end overfishing, the Our Fish campaign today called on EU fisheries ministers to stop acting on behalf of a few industry short-term profits, and start delivering sustainable fisheries for all EU citizens, following today’s release of a New Economics Foundation report that demonstrates that EU member states will be fishing an enormous 312,000 tonnes above scientific advice for NorthEast Atlantic fish stocks in 2019.

Sweden – represented by minister, Sven-Erik Bucht, tops this year’s overfishing league table with 52.4 percent of its Atlantic quota outside scientific advice, followed by the UK (John Gardiner) at 24.3% and Ireland (Michael Creed) at 21.7%. In terms of tonnes, the UK is the worst culprit, with plans to take 106,925 tonnes more than is scientifically recommended, more than double the planned overfishing of 2nd-placed Denmark, with 49,914 tonnes [1].

The New Economics Foundation produces the Landing the Blame report annually, following the setting of fishing limits for the Baltic and Atlantic, to analyse whether Total Allowable Catches (TACs) have been set above scientific advice, and which EU member states benefit most from these TACs. Fishing limits for the North Sea and Atlantic are set during AGRIFISH Council meetings in December, and despite repeated requests from civil society, are not open to the public or live-streamed. This lack of transparency makes it difficult to say who is most responsible for perpetuating overfishing, however the results clearly demonstrate who benefits most.

“Analysis shows that from 2001 to 2018, two thirds of EU fishing limits have been continuously set above scientific advice. This willful overfishing, agreed upon by EU fisheries ministers, panders to the short-term profits of a few, to the detriment of the long-term health of the marine environment and all EU citizens who are the owners of this priceless public resource and depend on it for future security”, said Rebecca Hubbard, Our Fish Program Director.”

“Instead of making serious progress to ending overfishing by the 2020 deadline, EU Fisheries Ministers actually increased the level of overfishing of North-East Atlantic fish stocks for 2019 by almost 10% on average above 2018 levels. Fisheries Ministers continue to pile up the pressure and the costs of overfishing, instead of taking both scientific advice – and the benefits it can deliver for the ocean and our communities – seriously.

“Ending overfishing is the clearest, simplest thing fisheries ministers can do to help restore ocean health – and every day EU ministers waste, decreases the chance for environmental, economic and social benefits in the future. We urgently need real political leadership to end this damaging cycle in 2019,” concluded Hubbard.

“If we allow fish populations to recover from overfishing they will increase in size and after only a couple fishing seasons produce much greater catches”, said Landing the Blame author Griffin Carpenter, Senior Researcher at the New Economics Foundation.

“The resulting abundance makes for a healthier and more vibrant marine environment, but also makes good economic sense as more fish means larger catches, higher incomes, and more fish dinners.”

“It is risky and foolish that fishing ministers continue to delay the end to overfishing all the way to the EU’s Common Fisheries Policy deadline of 2020. Ministers must act now to protect marine life,” concluded Mr Carpenter

 

Denmark

Landing the Blame reports that Denmark has risen to 4th position in the league table of Member States with the highest percentage of their TAC in excess of scientific advice. According to the report, for the 2019 Atlantic TACs, Fisheries Minister Eva Kjer Hansen was involved with TAC decisions that allow fishing at 19.7% above levels that scientists have determined to be consistent with the sustainable management of European fish stocks – almost four times higher than last year (5.6%).

Denmark has also received the second largest TAC increases above scientific advice in terms of tonnes (49,914 tonnes excess TAC), only preceded by the UK, and is therefore one of the top countries responsible for impeding the transition to sustainable fisheries in the EU.

“With only a year left to achieve the legal deadline to end overfishing, it is high time that Danish Fisheries Ministers start following scientific advice for all stocks when setting next year’s quotas”, said Cathrine Pedersen Schirmer, Our Fish Campaign Coordinator for Denmark

Germany

Germany has risen from 6th to 5th position in the Overfishing League of Member States. According to the report, State Secretary for Fisheries Hermann Onko Aeikens was involved with TAC decisions that allow fishing at 18% above levels that scientists have determined to be consistent with the sustainable management of European fish stocks – a rate more than three times higher than for 2018 (5.9%), and equivalent to 20,620 tonnes of excess TAC above scientific advice.

 

Ireland

Ireland has dropped from 1st place to 3rd place in the Overfishing League according to NEF, however the level of overfishing has actually increased to 21.7% of excess TAC (17.8%). Ireland has this year received 34,052 tonnes above scientific advice, compared to 31,127 tonnes last year.

Mike Walker, Our Fish representative in Ireland said “Last December Michael Creed celebrated the outcome of the December Council as being worth €260 million, to “support the livelihoods of fishermen” in Ireland, but did he calculate the cost of past and continued overfishing? Has he considered the cost of a sustained attack on a priceless natural resource, devastating the marine environment and the communities who rely upon it? What about the livelihoods and communities which used to populate the Irish coast, but who have been lost along with the fish stocks – because of overfishing. Ending overfishing takes both political courage and vision. Ending overfishing is the only way Michael Creed can truly act in the interests of coastal livelihoods, and the environment.” [1].

 

Netherlands

Netherlands has dropped from 4th to 6th position in the league table of Member States with the highest percentage of their TAC in excess of scientific advice. According to the report, for the 2019 Atlantic TACs, Fisheries Minister Carola Schouten was involved with TAC decisions that allow fishing at 13.5% above levels that scientists have determined to be consistent with the sustainable management of European fish stocks, however this is still an increase from 7.5% for 2018 TACs. Netherlands is also 4th in terms of the total tonnage of TAC set above advice, receiving 31,910 tonnes excess TAC above scientific advice (an increase from 22,104 tonnes in 2018).

“The Netherlands has already known for five years that the deadline to end overfishing was coming in 2020.  This result shows that bold steps are still needed from the Dutch minister to meet the deadline” says Sharon Becker, Campaign Coordinator of Our Fish Netherlands, “for many fish species in the Dutch North Sea a solution is required within this year”.

 

Sweden

In an embarrassing move for Sweden, it has been rated as the worst EU nation to benefit from overfishing in the Atlantic in the Landing the Blame report. According to the report, Sweden has gone from 9th to 1st place in the league table of Member States with over 52.4% of their TAC in excess of scientific advice – equivalent to 17,369 tonnes – due mainly to herring, whiting, mackerel and blue ling in the Skagerrak and Kattegat.

“This is an embarrassing position for Swedish Fisheries Minister Sven-Erik Bucht – to have over half of their fishing TAC in the North East Atlantic above scientific advice for sustainable fishing limits in 2019 – going from 9th to 1st place in just one year – is deeply concerning. This year Sweden is going to have to work hard to demonstrate its commitment to sustainable fisheries management by strongly supporting fishing limits in line with scientific advice and stronger monitoring and control of its fleet,” said Hubbard.

 

UK

The UK has maintained its position as the second worst overfishing nation in the EU, with the highest percentage of their TAC in excess of scientific advice for Atlantic fish stocks (24.3%), however it the equivalent volume in tonnes has increased by over 30,000 tonnes to 106,925 tonnes above scientific advice.

“While Brexit makes all things fishy between the EU and the UK at the moment – one thing is clear – the UK is showing no signs of dropping its addiction to overfishing and continues to flout the interests of UK citizens who are the public owners of this precious resource. Whenever the UK stops working within the EU common fisheries policy – they must deliver a much stronger commitment to following sound scientific advice for sustainable fisheries management, or we will continue to see disastrous economic, social and environmental effects of overfishing,” said Hubbard.

 

Norway – shared fish stocks

“In 2018 we saw the worst outcome on record for fish stocks shared with Norway – overfishing has been perversely extended for fourteen out of sixteen TACs. This perverse outcome is not surprising, when considering that civil society was overtly refused entry to the negotiations by the EU Commission, despite a delegation heavy with industry representatives,” said Hubbard. “Our shared fish stocks may be in even worse shape in future, when the UK will be negotiating as another third party, considering their failure to commit to ending overfishing by 2020 after they leave the EU.”

 

ENDS

 

NOTES

[1] Landing the Blame, New Economics Foundation

https://neweconomics.org/2019/02/landing-the-blame-overfishing-in-the-north-atlantic-2019

 

[2] Balanced and sustainable outcome in Fisheries Negotiations – Creed

https://www.agriculture.gov.ie/press/pressreleases/2018/december/title,122866,en.html

 

Contacts

Dave Walsh, Our Fish Communications Advisor, dave@our.fish +34 691826764

Rebecca Hubbard, Our Fish Program Director, rebecca@our.fish +34 657669425

Griffin Carpenter, New Economics Foundation, Griffin.Carpenter@neweconomics.org +44 7592 117 776 https://neweconomics.org/

 

About Our Fish

Our Fish works to ensure European member states implement the Common Fisheries Policy and achieve sustainable fish stocks in European waters.

Our Fish works with organisations and individuals across Europe to deliver a powerful and unwavering message: overfishing must be stopped, and solutions put in place that ensure Europe’s waters are fished sustainably. Our Fish demands that the Common Fisheries Policy be properly enforced, and Europe’s fisheries effectively governed.

Our Fish calls on all EU Member States to set annual fishing limits at sustainable limits based on scientific advice, and to ensure that their fishing fleets prove that they are fishing sustainably, through monitoring and full documentation of their catch.

Website: https://our.fish

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